If you’re considering a cash-out refinance, you’re likely in need of funds for a specific purpose. If you aren’t sure what that is, it can be helpful to nail that down so you borrow only as much as you need. For instance, if you plan to use the cash to consolidate debt, then gather your personal loan and credit card statements or information about other debt obligations, and add up what you owe. If the cash is to be used for renovations, consult with a few contractors to get estimates for both labor and materials ahead of time.
Once you’ve shopped around for a few lenders to ensure you get the best rate and terms, prepare all of your financial information related to your income, assets and debt for the application. Keep in mind you might need to submit additional documentation as the lender evaluates your application.
While lenders typically allow homeowners to borrow up to 80 percent of the home’s value, the threshold can vary depending on your credit score and type of mortgage, as well as the type of property attached to the loan (for example, a single-family, duplex or three- or four-unit property). Lenders who offer loans insured by the Federal Housing Administration, or FHA, sometimes offer an FHA cash-out refinance that allows you to borrow as much as 85 percent of the value of your home. As noted, cash-out refinance loans guaranteed by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) are available for up to 100 percent of the home’s value.
Expect to pay about 3 to 5 percent of the new loan amount for closing costs to do a cash-out refinance. These closing costs can include lender origination fees and an appraisal fee to assess the home’s current value. Shop around with multiple lenders to ensure you’re getting the most competitive rates and terms.
You might be able to roll the loan costs into your new mortgage to avoid upfront closing costs, but you’ll likely pay a higher interest rate. Plus, taking out another 30-year loan or refinancing at a higher interest rate might mean you pay more in total interest. Crunch the numbers with Bankrate’s refinance calculator to gauge whether the math works in your favor.